October 4, 1862: Battle of Corinth

The Battle of Corinth, sometimes referred to as the Second Battle of Corinth to distinguish it from the siege of Corinth earlier in the year when the Union initially took the town, began at 10:00 AM on October 3, 1862.  Corinth was held by the Union Army of the Mississippi under General William Rosecrans, with a strenth of approximately 23,000 men.  Attempting to take the town was the Confederate Army of West Tennessee under General Earl Van Dorn, consisting of about 22,000.00 men.  Corinth was a major rail hub and thus a tempting target for the Confederacy.  Strategically Van Dorn was attempting to keep both Rosecran’s Army of the Mississippi and Grant’s Army of the Tennessee occupied and unable to send reinforcements to the Union Army of the Ohio under General Don Carlos Buell as it was pursuing the Confederate Army of Tennessee under General Braxton Bragg which had invaded Union held Kentucky.  Grant’s Army was spread out with 7,000 under General Sherman at Memphis, 12,000 at Bolivar, Tennessee and 6,000 as a central reserve at Jackson, Tennessee.

The Confederates had fortified the town when they held it.  The Confederate lines were too extensive for Rosecrans’ force to man.  Rosecrans therefore constructed fortifications called the Halleck Line closer to the town.  Rosecrans planned to meet the Confederate attack  in the rifle pits of the old Confederate lines with a force of skirmishers, with his main force awaiting attack in the fortifications of the Halleck Line. (more…)

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Published in: on October 4, 2022 at 5:30 am  Comments Off on October 4, 1862: Battle of Corinth  
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