June 30, 1917: Taking Control of German Boats

 

On June 30, 1917 President Wilson signed an executive order seizing German boats in American territory.   This was de jure seizure, de facto seizure of the vessels occurring immediately after the Declaration of War in April. I am surprised by the number of them, considering that the War had been raging since 1914 and the Allies controlled the seas.

 

Whereas the following joint resolution adopted by Congress was approved by the President May 12, 1917:

Joint Resolution Authorizing the President to take over for the United States the possession and title of any vessel within its jurisdiction, which at the time of coming therein was owned in whole or in part by any corporation, citizen, or subject of any nation with which the United States may be at war, or was under register of any such nation, and for other purposes.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President be, and he is hereby, authorized to take over to the United States the immediate possession and title of any vessel within the jurisdiction thereof, including the Canal Zone and all territories and insular possessions of the United States except the American Virgin Islands, which at the time of coming into such jurisdiction was owned in whole or in part by any corporation, citizen, or subject of any nation with which the United States may be at war when such vessel shall be taken, or was flying the flag of or was under register of any such nation or any political subdivision or municipality thereof; and, through the United States Shipping Board, or any department or agency of the Government, to operate, lease, charter, and equip such vessel in any service of the United States, or in any commerce, foreign or otherwise.

Sec. 2. That the Secretary of the Navy be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to appoint, subject to the approval of the President, a board of survey, whose duty it shall be to ascertain the actual value of the vessel, its equipment, appurtenances, and all property contained therein, at the time of its taking, and to make a written report of their findings to the Secretary of the Navy, who shall preserve such report with the records of his department. These findings shall be considered as competent evidence in all proceedings on any claim for compensation.

And whereas the following vessels were, at the time of coming into the jurisdiction of the United States, owned in whole or in part by a corporation, citizen, or subject of the Empire of Germany, a nation with which the United States is now at war, or were flying the flag of or under the register of the Empire of Germany, or of a political subdivision or municipality thereof:

Vaterland. Prinzess Irene. Armenia.
Amerika. Hamburg. Adamsturm.
Kaiser Wilhelm II. Neckar. Willehad.
President Grant. Bohemia. Serapis.
Pennsylvania. Rhaetia. Alleniannia.
Bulgaria. Wittekmd. Nassovia.
Maia. Sachsenwald. Holsatia.
Neptun. Staatssekretar Soif. Staatssekretar Kraetke.
O.J.D Ahiers. Aroa (Lighter). Borneo.
Prinz Waldemar. George Washington. Marudu.
Loongmoon. Kronprinzessin Cecile. Tsintau.
Governeur Jaeschke. President Lincoln. Andalusia.
Darvel. Cincinnati. Camilla Rickmers.
Princess Alice. Grosser Kurfurst. Clara Jebsen.
Wiegand. Barbarossa. Elmshorn.
Bochum. Friedrich der Grosse. Johanne.
Carl Diederichsen. Rhein. Mark.
Coblenz. Kouig Wilhelm II. Rajh
Esslingen. Koin. Sambia.
Lyeemoon. Prinz Oskar. Tubingen.
Pongtong. Ockenfels. Dalbek.
Sachsen. Arcadia. Magdeburg.
Suevia. Pisa. Matador.
Steinbeck. Prinz Joachim. Kurt.
Elsass. Harburg. Andromeda.
Indra. Portonia. Prinz Sigismund.
Arnoldus Virinen. Clara Mennig. Savoia.
Ottawa. Pommern. Arni (Lighter).
Grunewald. Setos. Argus (Lighter).

It is therefore ordered that through the United States Shipping Board there be taken over to the United States the possession and title of the aforementioned vessels. The United States Shipping Board is further hereby authorized to repair, equip, and man the said vessels; to operate, lease, or charter the same in any service of the United States, or in any commerce, foreign or coastwise; and to do and perform any and all things that may be necessary to accomplish the purposes of the joint resolution above set forth.

WOODROW WILSON
THE WHITE HOUSE,
June 30, 1917.

 

Advertisements
Published in: on June 30, 2017 at 5:30 am  Leave a Comment  
Tags: ,

The URI to TrackBack this entry is: https://almostchosenpeople.wordpress.com/2017/06/30/june-30-1917-taking-control-of-german-boats/trackback/

RSS feed for comments on this post.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: