“We fight, get beat, rise, and fight again.”
Major General Nathaniel Greene
A good video featuring animated maps on the battle of Guilford Courthouse on March 15, 1781. Fought on the site of present day Greensboro, North Carolina the American force of 4500 men under General Nathaniel Greene consisted mostly of militia. General Lord Charles Cornwallis commanded a force of 2000 British regulars. The fight was over after ninety minutes with the British holding the field, but having suffered casualties of twenty-five percent, Greene’s strategy of deploying his men in three successive defensive lines having made the victory of Cornwallis a bloody one for the British. Greene retreated to the interior of North Carolina, and with his weakened force Cornwallis did not dare to follow.
After a few weeks recruiting and refitting his force, Cornwallis eventually decided to march into Virginia, initiating the campaign that would end in his surrender at Yorktown. Greene marched in the opposite direction to South Carolina, initiating the campaign that would lead to the liberation of the Palmetto State.