General Order Number 11


Ulysses S. Grant had an unerring capacity for failure whenever he stepped out of the two areas in life in which he excelled:  his happy marriage and his ability to make war.  On November 17, 1862 he demonstrated this ability to fail when he issued the notorious general order 11. 

1.  The Jews, as a class violating every regulation of trade established by the Treasury Department and also department orders, are hereby expelled from the Department [of the Tennessee] within twenty-four hours from the receipt of this order.

2.  Post commanders will see to it that all of this class of people be furnished passes and required to leave, and any one returning after such notification will be arrested and held in confinement until an opportunity occurs of sending them out as prisoners, unless furnished with permit from headquarters.

3.  No passes will be given these people to visit headquarters for the purpose of making personal application of trade permits.

Grant had been incensed for some time that traders were ignoring the regulations governing trade in a war zone.  Many of these traders were Jews.  It is possible that the order may have been aimed at Grant’s father Jesse, who had caused Grant considerable embarrassment by attempting to trade off of his son’s rank in order to profiteer from the war.  Jesse Grant was in partnership with a Jewish merchant. (more…)

Published in: on November 9, 2010 at 5:30 am  Comments Off on General Order Number 11  
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