On March 19, 1836, a force of approximately 350 Texans under Colonel James Fannin, near Goliad, Texas, found themselves under attack by 900 Mexican troops under General Jose Urrea. The initial attacks by the Mexicans were beaten off, with the Texans suffering about 60 casualties while inflicting about 200 on the Mexican force. Surrounded and without water, the Texans surrendered on the morning of March 20, 1836. The Texans were taken to Goliad by the Mexicans.
General Santa Anna was furious that the Texans had been allowed to surrender and ordered their execution. This was carried out on Palm Sunday, March 27, with a few Texans being able to escape by running away. They carried the news of this atrocity to an enraged Texas. On April 21, 1836 at the battle of San Jacinto, the Texan troops who routed Santa Anna’s army went into battle shouting: “Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!”