Lincoln, the Constitution and Catholics


In the 1840s America was beset by a wave of anti-Catholic riots.  An especially violent one occurred in Philadelphia on May 6-8.  These riots laid the seeds for a powerful anti-Catholic movement which became embodied in the years to come in the aptly named Know-Nothing movement.  To many American politicians Catholic-bashing seemed the path to electoral success.

Lincoln made clear where he stood on this issue when he organized a public meeting in Springfield, Illinois on June 12, 1844.  At the meeting he proposed and had the following resolution adopted by the meeting:

“Resolved, That the guarantee of the rights of conscience, as found in our Constitution, is most sacred and inviolable, and one that belongs no less to the Catholic, than to the Protestant; and that all attempts to abridge or interfere with these rights, either of Catholic or Protestant, directly or indirectly, have our decided disapprobation, and shall ever have our most effective opposition. Resolved, That we reprobate and condemn each and every thing in the Philadelphia riots, and the causes which led to them, from whatever quarter they may have come, which are in conflict with the principles above expressed.”

Lincoln remained true to this belief.  At the height of the political success of the Know-Nothing movement 11 years later, Mr. Lincoln in a letter to his friend Joshua Speed wrote:

“I am not a Know-Nothing. That is certain. How could I be? How can any one who abhors the oppression of negroes, be in favor of degrading classes of white people? Our progress in degeneracy appears to me to be pretty rapid. As a nation, we begin by declaring that “all men are created equal.” We now practically read it “all men are created equal, except negroes.” When the Know-Nothings get control, it will read “all men are created equal, except negroes, and foreigners, and catholics.” When it comes to this I should prefer emigrating to some country where they make no pretence of loving liberty-to Russia, for instance, where despotism can be taken pure, and without the base alloy of hypocracy.”

Published in: on August 6, 2010 at 5:30 am  Comments (3)  
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  1. Can we remove the [sic] from “hypocracy”?

    When I first read this passage back in middle school I assumed hypocracy meant “government by hypocrites”.

    Maybe this is what our greatest President was actually thinking when he “misspelled” hypocrisy?

  2. Lincoln was a better speller TC than most of his contemporaries, which was a tribute to him due to his lack of much in the way of a formal eductation. I am removing the “sic” from the quote. Although I like your interpretation I think it more likely that Lincoln simply mispelled the word. However, I am a strong believer in having quotations stand as they were written without modern day emendations. I didn’t notice the “sic” in the quote until you pointed it out.

  3. […] the aptly named anti-Catholic movement the Know-Nothings arose in the 1840s and 1850s, Jefferson fought against it, as did his great future adversary Abraham […]

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