Federalist 28 – Alexander Hamilton

In the 28th Federalist Paper, Alexander Hamilton continues to discourse on national defense and the fears of a standing army.  In this essay Hamilton seems to skirt between two extremes.  He seeks to promote the national government as the surest defender of peace and security, and yet he also wants to assuage fears that it will grow too powerful.  In other words, the government under this system will be strong enough to suppress rebellion, but it won’t be so powerful that it tyrannize the population.

Hamilton begins by observing that disruptions of the public safety are inevitable.  As he writes, “seditions and insurrections are, unhappily, maladies as inseparable from the body politic as tumors and eruptions from the natural body.”  American history is somewhat happy in this regard, though there have always been moments of extreme unrest.  But from the perspective of Alexander Hamilton writing towards the end of the 18th century, it was inconceivable to think that there would be long periods of civil content.  Hamilton suggests that the large body of the public would support the government’s attempts to put down the insurgency so long as the majority had not lost confidence in the government.

The major fear is that a significant outbreak of rebellion could occur, and this would require a different sort of force. (more…)

Published in: on March 12, 2010 at 4:10 pm  Comments Off on Federalist 28 – Alexander Hamilton  
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Soybeania Forever!


I read decades ago  The Nine Nations of North America by Joel Garreau.  It was fun to read although I thought that only three of the regions were close to being true nations:  Dixie, Mexamerica and Quebec.

In order for a geographic area, in the absence of a government, to be a nation some binding force other than mere proximity must exist.  The Civil War and its legacies supplies that for  Dixie.  Quebec has “Je me souviens” ,  although that seems to apply since the Sixties only to their secular history, while their Catholic faith has gone down the collective memory hole.  Mexamerica due to the turbulent amalgam of Mexican and American cultures being played out in the Southwest.  A first rate analysis of this process was written a few years ago by Victor Davis Hanson in Mexifornia.

The late Michael Kilian of the Chicago Tribune wrote a spoof of the book which appeared in the Tribune on June 14, 1981.  He divided Illinois into nine states:  South Wisconsin, The Grand Duchy of Onwentsia, The Regional Government Authority (Most of Cook and the Collar Counties), Republic of Quad, Greater Peoria, The Sangamo City State, Lesser St. Louis, North Dixie, and, my favorite region, Soybeania.  He described Soybeania, my native land, as consisting of 25,000 square miles of corn and soybean fields and almost nothing else, which is only a slight exaggeration.  The article was a well-written hoot, and it is a shame that I can’t find it on-line.  Here is the map which accompanied the article. (more…)

Published in: on March 12, 2010 at 6:23 am  Comments (2)