Throughout the year 1862 the war for the Union in the North also became a war to abolish slavery, culminating in the Emancipation Proclamation. There were many milestones on the path to the Proclamation and one of the more important was a Joint Resolution of Congress on compensated emancipation on April 10, 1862:
Joint Resolution declaring that the United States ought to coöperate with, affording pecuniary Aid to any State which may adopt the gradual Abolishment of Slavery.Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,That the United States ought to coöperate with any State which may adopt gradual abolishment of slavery, giving to such State pecuniary aid, to be used by such State in its discretion, to compensate for the inconveniences, public and private, produced by such change of system.
APPROVED, April 10, 1862. (more…)